The iguana at some point was a baby embryo, a little creature with mom and dad in the wild or at some veterinary store. Now I will tell you how her birth is, from the moment of being conceived by the parents to the moment of her birth and its corresponding natural development
As with other animal species, such as pet turtles, iguanas court each other before breeding or mating, just as birds dance and lions fight over females, these wonderful reptiles perform head and tail movements, this on the part of the male and also the female.
During the approach, the male will try to get on top of the female or “ride her”. If the female accepts him as a breeding partner, he will slightly raise his tail as a sign of acceptance. The duration of the reproductive act is between 10 to 45 minutes, very similar to the time used by humans.
It must be taken into account that these animals when they are in heat, adopt an orange coloration, different from their regular color tone that varies between green and gray according to the age of your specimen.
One of the important characteristics of iguanas to consider is the time of year when they normally reproduce. It depends to a great extent on whether they are living free in the natural environment or are in captivity in your home.
In the first case, their mating period is from January to April, in the second case, in captivity, it extends from October to April, more than half of the year they will be in heat or close to it.
Every owner of an iguana should take special care of the female iguana during the mating season. Generally, the female will stop feeding for two weeks before she is in heat or ready to mate, and will not eat again until she gives free rein to her sexual instincts.
However, contrary to feeding, which decreases, water consumption will increase greatly, your iguana will try to compensate for what is not consumed in solids through liquids.
Fresh, clean water, you must keep in mind that you should always have enough fresh water to drink, especially during these reproductive seasons.
If you didn’t know, as with turtles, iguanas, whether they are Black Iguanas or a peculiar Marine Iguana, are born in eggs, which will hatch from the female two months after mating occurs.
If in their natural habitat, they will come down from the trees and look for a sandy place to dig a nest to deposit approximately 80 eggs so that these small creatures can germinate in approximately 75 days, some more, some less, depending on each specimen and the surrounding climatic conditions.
After the process of making her nest, the female iguana will be weakened, malnourished, and will need special care, including giving her water enriched with calcium with the help of a needle-free syringe directly into her mouth.
The male iguana, on the other hand, will be in a wilder process, will be in a more territorial state, will try to defend its space as a natural response to the protection of the eggs, will not let down its guard and will even stop feeding and drinking liquids so as not to be distracted, so at this time it is advisable not to approach it and not to try to carry it as it may bite with its sharp teeth or whip with its long tail.
In captivity, the situation changes. You, as the owner, should arrange for a space inside the terrarium or cage for the female to lay her eggs.
Once deposited, you must take them out of the cage, taking care not to be attacked by your beloved reptiles, which are in territorial mode.
You must bear in mind two important elements, the first is to prevent the male from feeding on his eggs, so we remove them from his presence.
The second is that the eggs should be placed in an incubator, which can be homemade, with enough humidity and heat to allow them to hatch.
You should try to put the eggs in the incubator in the same position as they were laid by the female iguana inside the nest. The temperature should be between 25°C and 31°C, depending on whether it is day or night.
Once the iguana emerges, it drinks from these oval, white eggs, like pinballs, and must be kept in the incubator for one more day, and then placed back in the cage with its parents. Don’t worry, this time the male will not try to eat them, and they will be out of danger.
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