A new exotic pet has come to American Homes, the bearded dragon also known as Pogona. It has risen prominently as a pet reptile, as a companion lizard.
He has been increasingly seen in movies and television series replacing the typical pet dog or cat. It is easier to care for when compared to a green Iguana, partly due to its smaller size, which makes it an animal that is easier to handle at home.
The Bearded Dragon is one of the recommended options for the inexperienced in the world of exotic pets, in the area of reptiles.
They are excellent companions for beginners of this world, like gecko lizards, they do not get sick regularly and after a correct setting of their habitat, their care is very simple, hence the increase in popularity.
Since you will live the rest of your life here, you must prepare an optimal space for your correct physical and mental development.
They do not grow to more than 60 centimeters as adults and weigh approximately one pound or 450 grams at their highest moment of life. As with the Iguana iguana, its size varies from male to female, being the largest males.
Although it is considerably small in size when compared to other reptiles, it is very active, jumps, and climbs like no other, therefore, its terrarium must be consistent with its physical activity.
An optimal terrarium should be at least 200 liters in capacity, with a minimum height of one meter for a single specimen, so if you plan to have more than one, you should consider increasing the size of your home. Be careful to put a cover on your home, because due to having a lot of movement, they can escape easily.
You must stimulate their physical activity, so in addition to having food and drink tanks, you must also decorate the terrarium with plants, branches, and trunks so that it jumps and climbs at will.
The formation of small caves and shelters are also necessary so that your pet has a place to hide and feel safe and secure and can rest at ease.
The basis of land habitat should be abundant, do not skimp on this aspect, your Bearded Dragon can dig and build your shelter, plus have a naturally correct lighting and ventilation, but do not put your home weather of the environment directly, could make you sick. The best thing would be to keep it in your room and thus avoid headaches.
These little friends come from desert areas and Australian dry forests. Since the temperature in the desert varies a lot during the day and at night, during the day it is very hot and at night it is very cold, temperatures of 95 ° F during the day and 41 ° F at night can naturally survive. But in captivity is recommended temperature gradients between 75 °F to 86°F
Through correct lighting, our Bearded Dragon will be able to absorb vitamin D, which is very necessary for its development, as well as calcium.
An ultraviolet light lamp will be the ideal to maintain a warm environment, but do not forget to also leave cool areas where you can rest just as you would at night in a natural habitat.
You can keep the lighting on for only twelve hours a day during the day, and turn it off at night so that our pet rests as the temperature drops.
Omnivores by nature, so they can consume small insects with a wide variety of fresh fruits and vegetables. In its natural environment and being typical of desert areas where food is scarce at certain times of the year, it is open to a very varied menu, whatever the environment can provide.
In pet stores, you will find specialized preparations for Bearded Dragons, foods rich in vitamins and minerals that our intrepid pet needs. Don’t forget to vary your diet with fresh fruits and vegetables and the occasional insect.
They need natural protein to develop properly, so keep an eye on expanding your menu with roaches, earthworms, flies, and snails.
They can live fifteen years in captivity in an artificial environment as long as their terrarium is adequate and they have a balanced diet. Its main ills are ticks and mites and diseases in the mouth.
The main cause of Bearded Dragon diseases is the deficiencies in the cleanliness of its terrarium. Allowing you to leave their droppings and food scraps uncared for is a call to fungi, bacteria, and unwanted visitors making it very easy to prevent our beloved reptile from getting sick.
Clean your terrarium twice a month and change the water daily, it is the basic thing in the care of any pet that you should practice in this case.
Do not use toxic or strong detergents for this cleaning, a little water, and a neutral soap will be enough to clean your golden cage.
A poor diet will also lead to diseases, such as dry skin or cracks in it. Give him a balanced meal between synthetic foods, insects, fruits, and vegetables. Avoid plants of unknown origin.
The color changes in the skin are also signs that something is wrong and we should visit the specialist veterinarian if your pet does not want to lose a premature death.
Unlike other domestic reptiles, they are highly sociable and very active animals, so these dragons will require more attention from you and that you play regularly with them.
It is advisable to adopt them in pairs so that they constantly interact and not become stressed due to a lack of attention.