Among the characteristics of the iguanas we see that they are tree reptiles, that is, their natural habitat is above the trees of at least 1.20 meters high, which does not mean that they cannot lead a full life at ground level.
They are bright green when young and take on a grey hue as the years go by, although some have certain yellow tones in some parts of their body.
They are reptiles with a docile spirit, which is why they have been adopted as exotic domestic animals.
Their life span is approximately 15 years under normal conditions, these conditions are determined by the care you take and how accurate you are:
Like other lizards, reptiles, or other animal species, it can shed its tail if it is taken or caught, which will only grow back once, not of the same thickness and beauty as the first of course, as it is considered a replacement appendage.
Its main method of defense is to run and swim. They are excellent swimmers, so they tend to live near water sources, an excellent means of escape from predators, and on land, they can reach an impressive speed of 21 mph.
It crawls, hence it is considered a reptile, dragging its lower body along the ground and pushing itself with its four five-fingered legs. It develops great strength in its claws from the beginning of its life to develop the ability to climb trees, where it will spend most of its life.
They can measure up to 6 ft from the mouth to the tip of the tail, this being up to 50% of the lake of your body and can weigh up to 35 pounds well fed.
In captivity, it is difficult for reproduction to occur, but if we can get the female to sit in a comfortable space it can be achieved.
One of the main impediments to reproduction is the temperature, which must be at the same level as in the summer seasons of the tropical zones that are typical of them, that is, above 30°C.
They lay their eggs in nests they have dug themselves, 20 cm deep, which is difficult for them to do inside the terrarium.
During the mating season, this will be the only thought present in the minds of our iguanas. The males will become possessive, territorial, and aggressive. They will look for wide, sunny spaces to display themselves.
The female iguana will be determined to choose the largest and most dominant male.
The female can mate with up to three males, while the males can mate with all the females available in the territory, a kind of iguana orgy.
If you want to know more visit our article on the Baby iguana.
It is an animal with a tendency to loneliness and to protect its territory, therefore it is recommended that you do not force it to live within the same habitat with other iguanas, they even tend to attack toys in the shape of an iguana.
However, two domesticated iguanas, given time, can live together, but keep in mind that male iguanas are more aggressive than other male iguanas and can get into fights where teeth and whips are the main characters.
The females have calmer behavior but these changes in the seasons when she has laid her nest and instinctively seeks to protect her young from threats and predators.
They also have a great ability to swim and run at high speed over short distances, but these are skills that they mainly demonstrate if they feel in danger or threatened.
If you take them out for a walk, don’t forget to keep them on a special leash so that they don’t get scared and run away from you.
The ability to climb is their own and they will demonstrate it all the time, except during the mating or nesting season.
How do you know if it is a male or a female?
It is easier to distinguish male iguanas from female iguanas in adulthood. One of the main characteristics, as in many species, is that the male is larger than the female, longer and heavier. The spines on its back also tend to be thicker and more numerous.
The male’s head is less elongated than the female’s head, but his dewlap, that of the males, tends to be larger. The color of the male’s skin is more vivid and usually turns orange during mating season, as described in other articles.
Like many other reptiles, iguanas have the particularity of molting, and you will be able to perceive these changes because white spots appear in the areas where the skin is going to change.
Another important characteristic is that the molting is not done all at once, but in parts.
Generally, they do it monthly, we should not force this change, better help it with good moisture and specific products that you can find in specialized veterinary shops, such as skin lubricants.
Temperature is one of the main factors in the color tone of our iguana
In cold temperatures, they become dark, almost black, as this color absorbs heat better.
If the temperature is too warm, its tone will become yellow, almost white, as this allows it to better reflect heat and thus, avoid increasing its body temperature.
iguanas are characterized by two types, the green iguana or iguana iguana, and the Caribbean iguana.
It does not have a larger variety than in the color of its skin and small variations in its morphology, more clearly serious, if not green, is the Caribbean.
These two species can live together perfectly and have no distinction in terms of food or special care.
There are other, less well known, subtypes of iguanas.